Four stockbroking firms namely – Union Registrars Limited, UIDC Securities Limited, Gosord Securities Limited and Kapital Care Trust Securities Limited have been sanctioned for irregular transactions and unlawful sale of multi-million naira worth of an investor’s shares.
Delivering judgment in a case instituted by Dr. Okam Kalu Ugwu, a medical doctor, against the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the four firms, the Investments and Securities Tribunal sitting in Enugu ordered that all irregular transactions in the Union Bank shares variously numbering 9,740 units, 20,740 units, 13,333, units, 9, 740 units, 25, 000 units, 16, 000, and 12, 986 units contained in different share certificates are declared illegal, unlawful, null and void.
The Tribunal also ordered that the 16, 876 units, 5,000 units, 850 units and 2,813 units of Union Bank shares purportedly covered by four other certificates be expunged from the claim, having not been established by credible evidence.
In the judgment delivered by Presiding Chairman Hon. Nosa Smart Osemwengie the Tribunal also reached the verdict that Union Registrars Limited, UIDC Securities Limited and Gosord Securities Limited are to restore and restitute the Claimant with 549,453 Union Bank shares and all bonuses and dividends in line with capital market rules, practice and procedures not later than 30 days from the date of the judgment.
Other Members of the Tribunal on the Panel that reached the verdict were -Dr. Abubakar A. Ahmad, Albert l. Otesile, Mamman B. Zargana, Kasumi G. Kurfi and Onyemaechi E. Elujekor.
Union Registrars Limited was equally ordered to restore the name of the Claimant Dr. Okam Kalu Ugwu in the register of share-holders of Union Bank Plc as relate to the disputed shares in line with capital market rules, practices and procedures not later than 30 days from the date of the judgment.
All irregular transactions in the Claimant’s Guinness Plc shares covered by certificate number 22279776 were also declared illegal, null and void and Union Registrars Limited (2nd Defendant) and UIDC Securities Limited (3rd Defendants) were ordered to restore and restitute the Claimant with 2,083 units of Guinness Nig Plc with accrued bonuses and dividends, unlawfully verified, transferred and sold to third parties through their platforms not later than 30 days from the date of the judgment while Union Registrars (2nd Defendant) is to restore the name of the Claimant in the register of shareholders of Guinness Nigeria Plc.
Kapital Care Trust Securities Limited being the 5th Defendant was ordered to restore and restitute the Claimant with the 72,151units of Union Bank shares and accrued bonuses and dividends it unlawfully dealt with in line with Capital Market Rules, Practice and Procedures not later than 30 days from the date of the judgment and as well fined N100, 000 (One Hundred Thousand Naira) to be paid into the coffers of the Federal Government of Nigeria for breach of professional ethics in dealing with shares of the Claimant.
The sum of N5, 000, 000 (Five Million Naira) only was awarded as general damages against the Union Registrar Ltd., UIDC Securities Limited , and Gosord Securities Ltd. jointly and severally in favour of the Claimant.
Restating the account of the case, Hon. Osemwengie said the action was commenced by way of Originating Application filed by the Claimant, Dr. Okam Kalu Ugwu, a Medical Doctor who claimed that he had over a total of 549, 453 units of Union Bank shares at all time material to the commencement of the action. He alleged that a total of 133, 078 units of the shares were unlawfully verified, dematerialized and transferred to 3rd parties by some of the Defendants without his authority, consent and knowledge.
The Claimant alleged further that the Union Registrars Ltd joggled its shareholding such that another 416,375 units of his Union Bank shares cannot be accounted for. He alleged further that his 2,083 units of Guinness Plc shares were also unlawfully verified, dematerialized and transferred to 3rd parties through the 2nd Defendant, Union Registrars, without his authority, consent and knowledge.
The Claimant informed the court that all his share certificates were kept in his residence at Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State and that sometime on the 30th of July, 2007, he received a caution notice from First Registrars that some of his shares had been provided for verification. Alarmed that he did not give any instruction on his shares, he raced to where he kept his share certificates only to discover that they had disappeared.
The Claimant contended that Union Registrars did not respond to the letter written to it, rather it went ahead and dealt with the Claimant’s shares. As a follow up to the letter already sent to the 2nd Defendant, the Claimant on the 4th of December, 2007, went to the office of the 2nd Defendant to demand for details on his shareholding account. The Claimant met one Mr. Akeem who told him to produce copies of the share certificates and dividend warrant stumps to help in reconciling the Claimant’s account. This, the Claimant supplied Mr. Akeem.
On the 16th of December, 2007, the Claimant wrote another letter to the 2nd Defendant reiterating his previous demands for details on his accounts, but no responses were given. He decided to write a letter dated the 6th of April, 2009 asking the 2nd Defendant to place a caveat on his shares. However, the claimant was surprised to receive a letter from the 2nd Defendant in December, 2009 purported to have been written to him since the 30th of December, 2008. Enclosed in the letter were purported statement of account of the shareholding with Union Bank of Nig. Plc dated the 26th of January, 2009 containing 71, 311 units of shares, purported dividend report and CSCS transaction on the Claimant’s share accounts.
The defendants even traced the theft of the share certificates to an in-law of the Claimant who was a stockbroker but finding no merits in their defence the Tribunal blamed them for failure to exercise caution and apply the standard know your customer precautions even when duly forewarned. They were restrained from further dealing unlawfully with the Claimant’s shares.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) being the 1st Defendant was exonerated from liability “From the totality of evidence before us, we do not think the 1st Defendant has breached his statutory role as apex regulatory body. We therefore hold that the 1st Defendant has performed its duties reasonably well”.
But SEC was however directed, under its regulatory powers, to supervise, monitor and ensure compliance by the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Defendants to the orders of the Tribunal not later than 30 days from the date of this judgment.
SEC is also to ensure that shares restored and restituted to Claimant are moved to the stockbroker company of his choice..
Counsel appearing in the matter included -Emmanuel Okoroji & H.C. Akanwa (holding the brief for A.C. Okoroafor) for the Claimant; A.K. Abdulazeez – 5th Defendant ,Stella Okolo – 1st Defendant, Chioma Mgbemena (holding the brief for S.W. Toweh) – 3rd Defendant and L.O. Ikwuagwu for 2nd Defendant.